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RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM FOREST RESOURCES:
An Investigation of the Complex Interrelated Issues Associated with Generating Automotive Fuels From Lignocellulosic Biomass

MUSES

Michigan
Technological
University
Sustainable Futures Institute
1400 Townsend Drive
Houghton, Michigan 49931

Phone: 906.487.3612
Fax: 906.487.2943
e-mail: sfi@mtu.edu


These are photos of the birds used as the focal species for the study. Above: Common Yellowthroat. (Photo: Max Henschell)
birdAbove: Sedge Wren
(Photo: Max Henschell)

bird2 Above: Song Sparrow
(Photo: Max Henschell)

Biodiversity: Avian Sampling Design In Aspen Forest and Prairie Grassland
Faculty:
David Flaspohler, PhD;
Professor, School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science
Chris Webster, PhD;
Associate Professor, School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science


Because they build open cup nests in which the number of eggs and success of the nest can be determined with considerable precision, birds provide an excellent focal taxonomic group for understanding the influence of landscape condition on biodiversity. 

Any large-scale biomass production initiative would involve landscape change that could, in turn, influence bird productivity.  Such changes in landscape cover type and pattern could alter critical demographic characteristics such as the annual production of offspring.  Because areas of the upper Midwest have been identified as hosting potential source populations for many species of migratory birds, any significant change in landscape pattern must be carefully considered.

To survive and reproduce successfully, wildlife species have various habitat requirements.
Although these vary by species, there are a number of fundamental patterns that are
important to consider for any plant community managed as a feedstock for ethanol production.

This session provides an overview of the key resources needed by birds, mammals,
amphibians, reptiles, and arthropods and how those features can be retained or lost depending on the system used for growing plants for ethanol production.

Below is an image of the Henslow's Sparrow. Establishment of grasslands for biofuels may provide suitable habitat for species such as the Henslow's Sparrow that are threatened because of habitat loss.


(Photo: Max Henschell)



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